Ketoconazole Shampoo is a medicated shampoo used to prevent and treat fungal infections caused by fungal growth affecting the scalp and skin, for example, dandruff and Psoriasis. The most noticeable sign of a fungal infection is itching, and we all know that nothing ruins a gorgeous hairdo faster than an itchy scalp.
What can a ketoconazole shampoo do that a regular shampoo can’t? Keep an itchy scalp clean and itch free.
Dandruff is caused by dry scalp or sometimes an overgrowth of a yeast fungus naturally present on the skin. Ketoconazole shampoo treats dandruff by reducing fungus and inflammation, Psoriasis and Pityriasis are fungal skin infections, Pityriasis causes lightening or darkening of the surface of the neck, chest, arms, and legs.
Types of Ketoconazole Shampoo
Ketoconazole shampoo has two kinds – 1% and 2%.
Shampoos containing 1% or less of ketoconazole can easily be purchased in a pharmacy, supermarket, online, or over the counter. Nizoral is the most popular brand in this category.
A prescription from your doctor can only get shampoos containing 2% or more of ketoconazole. Ketozal and Ket Med are popular brands in this category.
How to Use Ketoconazole Shampoo
For itchy scalp, wet hair, lather well, and allow the shampoo time to soak in the scalp. Then wash, rinse, and condition as usual.
For non-scalp regions and skin, apply the shampoo to the surface and let it sit for about five minutes. Then rinse it off. If you got your shampoo over the counter, be sure to read the product label as instructions for use vary from product to product. If yours was prescribed, follow the directives of the doctor.
Ketoconazole is essentially a chemical, so there will be a few irritations and verse reactions to its use. The mild effects range from skin irritation that looks like pimple like bumps on the affected area to oiliness or dryness of the scalp to more severe effects like discoloration of the hair, change of hair texture and hair loss.
Some people might be allergic to the chemical. If you experience any allergic reactions such as severe itching, swelling of face, throat or tongue, difficulty breathing, rashes, dizziness, stop use, and report to a doctor immediately.
How often and how long you use the shampoo will depend on the strength of the shampoo (1% or 2%), the severity of the condition you’re treating, and the severity of your current symptoms. Usually, for mild cases, it is used once or twice a week, and every other day for more severe cases. The shampoo can cause the hair to lose its natural oils and dry out, so it’s not advisable to use it too often. You should begin to see some improvement in the affected areas 2-4 weeks after treatment starts. Conditions may also differ from person to person, so it is crucial to see a doctor before using the shampoo.